A post-secondary program that awards an academic degree, diploma or professional certification. This program is often delivered at universities, colleges, seminaries and institutes of technology.
A spouse, commn-law partner, dependent child or dependent child of a dependent chils (grandchild), who plans to immigrate to Canada with the principal applicant.
A document becomes an affidavit when a person signs the document, in the presence of an authorized person, after taking an oath that what the document says is true and accurate.
Biometric Instruction Letter
If yous need your biometrics, IRCC sends a biometric instruction letter to you either by mail or through your account when you apply. Yous must bring a paper copy of this letter with you to a visa application centre (VAC) or application support centre (ASC) when you go in person to give your biometrics.
A category that includes investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people. A person may become a permanent resident in this category based on his or her ability. to economically establish in Canada.
Canadian Experience Class
An immigration category that allows foreign workers or recently graduated international students working in Canada to apply for permanent residence.
Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)
The Canadian standard used to describe, measure and recognize English language ability of adult immigrants and prospective immigrants who plan to live and work in Canada, or apply for citizenship.The Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) is used to assess abilities in the French language.
A removal order issued by either a CBSA officer or the IRB against people who have violated Canada’s immigration law. The person named on a departure order must leave Canada within 30 days.
Designated Learning Institution
A school in Canada that a student must be accepted at bedore they can qualify for a study permit. All primary and secondary schools in Canada are automatically designated. Applicants for primary and secondary schools do not need a DLI number on their application form.
Express Entry Canada
An electronic system to manage applications for these immigration programs:
- the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW)
- the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)
- the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) or
- a portion of the provincial nominee program.
Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)
eTA is a requirement for visa-exempt foreign nationals travelling to Canada by air. The authorization is electronically linked to your passport and is valid for five years or until your passport expires, whichever comes first.
An immigration category that includes any family members sponsored to come to Canada by a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
Federal skilled worker
An immigrant selected as a permanent resident based on their education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and other criteria that have been shown to help people succed in the Canadian labour market. Spouses and children are included on the application. Québec selects its own skilled workers, under the Québec skilled worker Class (QSW)
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
An international agreement that provides the basis for giving some foreign business people easier access to Canada. Three kinds of business people are covered:
- business visitors,
- professionals and
- employees transferred within a company to work in Canada.
A Government of Canada office, is the same as an embassy, but is located in the capital city of a Commonwealth country.
Humanitarian and compassionate application (H & C)
People who would not normally be eligible to become permanent residents of Canada may be able to apply on humanitarian and compassionate (H & C) grounds.
A non-citizen’s position in a country, for example, permanent resident or visitor.
When a person is not allowed to enter or stay in Canada. reasons can include security concerns, criminal offences, human rights violations, health or financial reasons, and failure to comply with Canada’s immigration laws.
Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
An LMIA is a document that an employer in Canada must usually get before hiring a foreighn worker. A positive LMIA, sometimes called Confirmation letter, will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job and that no Canadian worker can do the job.
Letter of introduction
A document sent from a visa office to confirm approval of:
- a study permit, or
- a work permit, or
- extended stay for a parent or grandparent from a country that does not require visas (the Super Visa program)
A physical examination (that could also include laboratory/radiology tests depending on age)performed by an IRCC appointed medical doctore that all immigrants and some visitors must go through before they are allowed into Canada. An applicant must be in good health and have no conditions or illnesses that:
- would pose a danger to Canadians or
- be very expensive to treat in Canada.
National Occupational Classification (NOC)
NOC Codes is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labor market. It describes each job according to skill type and skill level.
The formal process by which a person who is not a Canadian citizen can become a Canadian citizen. The person must usually become a permanent resident first.
Open work permit
A type of work permit that allows a person to work for any amployer in Canada, except for an employer:
- who is listed as ineligible on the list of employers who have failed to comply with conditions, or
- who, on a regular basis, offers striptease, erotic dance, escort services or erotic massages.
Post-graduation work permit (PGWP)
A document issued by IRCC to eligible foreign students who have:
- graduated from an approved program of study at an eligible post-secondary institution in Canda that is participating in the PGWP Program.
- applied to IRCC within 180 days of completing all degree or program requirements.
Provincial Nominee Program
A program that allows provinces and territories to nominate candidtaes for immigration to Canada.
A process that involves the assessment of credentials, competencies, and work experience in order to assist employers, educational institutions and professional regulatory bodies in making informed decisions.
The combination of credentials, knowledge, skills and work experience.
A process by which a person overcome criminal inadmissibility.
A person who is related to another by blood or adoption.
A Canadian citizen or permanent resident who is 18 years of age or older, and who legally supports a member of the Family Class to become a permanent resident of Canada.
A document issued by IRCC that authorizes a foreign national to study at an educational institution in Canada dor the duration of the program of study. It sets out conditions for the student such as:
- whether their travel within Canada is restricted and
- when they have to leave.
A foreign national who is in Canada legally for a short period. temporary residents include students, foreign workers and visitors, such as tourists.
Temporary resident permit (TRP)
A permit that may be granted in exceptional circumstances to a person who does not meet the requirements of Canada’s immigration law to enter or remain temporarily in Canada.
Temporary resident visa (TRV)
An official counterfoil document (sticker) issued by a visa office abroad that is placed in a person’s passport to show that he or she has met the requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resident (a visitor, student or worker). Informally known as a visitor or tourist visa, the TRV may be issued for single or multiple entries to Canada.
Individuals who charge a fee or receive some form of compensation (direct or. not) and who are not members in good standing of an accredited regulatory body are considered to be unauthorized representatives.
Valid job offer
A job offer, in writing, for Express Entry candidates. The offer must be
- for continuous, paid, full-time work (at least 30 hours a week)
- for work that is not seasonal and for at least one year
- skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2016 National Occupational Classification (NOC)
- supported by an LMIA (unless exempt).
A document issued by IRCC that authorizes a person to work legally in Canada. It sets out conditions for the worker such as:
- the type of work they can do,
- the employer they can work for,
- where they can work, and
- how long they can work.
Years of schooling
Number oy yers spent in school. Used for statistical purposes, as welle as to determine education points in the Federal Skilled Worker selection grid.